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Climate scientist to US Senate: ‘Climate change is a clear and present danger’

 
Flood Warning Sign

Andrew Dessler warned the US Senate about climate impacts like increased precipitation and floods. Photograph: Christopher Lee/Getty Images

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukThis article titled “Climate scientist to US Senate: ‘Climate change is a clear and present danger'” was written by Dana Nuccitelli, for theguardian.com on Monday 20th January 2014 14.00 UTC

Last Thursday, the US Senate committee on environment & public works held a four-hour hearing to review President Obama’s Climate Action Plan. The hearing began with statements from the committee members, and then proceeded with two expert panels. The first was comprised of administrators of government agencies that are key to implementing President Obama’s Climate Action Plan, like EPA administrator Gina McCarthy. The second panel was comprised of climate science and policy experts.

Andrew Dessler, a climate scientist from Texas A&M University, was one of the expert climate science witnesses invited to testify. In his testimony, Dessler simply and clearly articulated what we know about climate change, and why he personally views it as “a clear and present danger.” Dessler’s main points were:

1. The climate is warming – not just the atmosphere, but also the oceans, which are rising as a result, and ice is melting.

2. Most of the recent warming is extremely likely due to emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by human activities. This is supported by overwhelming evidence and hence was a conclusion of the 2014 IPCC report.

3. Future warming could be large. Over the 21st century, if we continue with business-as-usual, the IPCC projects 2.6–4.8°C average global surface warming.

4. The impacts of this are profound. The virtually certain impacts include increasing temperatures, more frequent extreme heat events, changes in the distribution of rainfall, rising seas, and the oceans becoming more acidic. There are numerous additional possible impacts as well.

Strangely, in her testimony, Georgia Tech climate scientist Judith Curry directly contradicted Dessler’s second point, arguing that the 2014 IPCC report actually weakens scientists’ confidence in human-caused global warming. Curry’s evidence to support that assertion boiled down to arguing of a supposed ‘lack of warming since 1998’, discrepancies between models and observations during that time, a lower climate sensitivity range in the 2014 than the 2007 IPCC report, and the fact that Antarctic sea ice extent has increased.

However, Dessler was correct that the IPCC increased its confidence in human-caused global warming between 2007 and 2014. It did so because the scientific evidence that humans are the dominant cause of global warming over the past century grew significantly stronger in recent years.

Contributors to Global Warming

Net human and natural percent contributions to the observed global surface warming over the past 50-65 years according to Tett et al. 2000 (T00, dark blue), Meehl et al. 2004 (M04, red), Stone et al. 2007 (S07, light green), Lean and Rind 2008 (LR08, purple), Huber and Knutti 2011 (HK11, light blue), Gillett et al. 2012 (G12, orange), Wigley and Santer 2012 (WS12, dark green), and Jones et al. 2013 (J13, pink).

This conclusion has also been supported by research published after the 2014 IPCC report, showing that the natural internal variability of the climate can’t account for recent global warming, and that the IPCC confidence in human-caused global warming is robust. And contrary to Curry’s second point, the observed global warming has been consistent with the projections of the range of models used in the IPCC report.

Temperature Anomaly

IPCC AR5 Figure 1.4. Solid lines and squares represent measured average global surface temperature changes by NASA (blue), NOAA (yellow), and the UK Hadley Centre (green). The colored shading shows the projected range of surface warming in the IPCC First Assessment Report (FAR; yellow), Second (SAR; green), Third (TAR; blue), and Fourth (AR4; red).

 

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